Theatre of Grand Philosophical Recreations...Garnerin
- c. 1815
Conditions Governing Use
Access to the Theodore Newton Vail Collection of Aeronautical Images, Broadsides and Clippings is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives. Copyright of some items in this collection may be held by respective creators, not by the donor of the collection.
Biographical / Historical
Aeronaut André Jacques Garnerin (1769-1823) made the world's first successful parachute jump from a balloon on October 22, 1797 over the park of Moncau in Paris. He had formulated his plans for the parachute and descent while a prisoner of war in Hungary during the French revolution. In 1798, Garnerin's wife, Jeanne-Genevieve Garnerin (1779-1847), became the first woman to make a parachute jump, and his niece Elisa Garnerin (1800-1845) was also an aeronaut. Garnerin made approximately 200 successful jumps in his career before dying on August 18, 1823 after a beam struck him on the head while he was preparing balloon equipment.
In 1814 and 1815, Garnerin held lecture-demonstrations of electrical phenomena and balloons called "Theatre of Philosophical Recreations" which featured phantasmagoria effects achieved through a combination of scientific technology and special effects.
Language of Materials
Existence and Location of Originals
25.2 x 17.7 cm
Broadside advertising a “Theatre of Grand Philosophical Recreations” by André-Jaques Garnerin, including experiments with chemistry, fireworks and electricity. Pencil notation in upper right reads “1815?”
Sources used for Biographical/Historical note
Crouch, Tom D., Lighter Than Air, An Illustrated History of Balloons and Airships, (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore), 44.
During, Simon, Modern Enchantments, the Cultural Power of Secular Magic, (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002), 252-254.
Hodgson, J.E., History of Aeronautics in Great Britain (Oxford University Press, London, 1924), 218-223.
Rolt, L.T.C., The Aeronauts: A History of Ballooning 1783-1903 (1966), 105-109.
- Broadsides Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Charing Cross (London, England) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Electricity Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Experiments Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Fireworks Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Garnerin, André Jacques, 1769-1823
- Science -- Study and teaching Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
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