Aeronautics and Grand Balloon Experiments
- Creation: c. 1838-1852
Conditions Governing Use
Access to the Theodore Newton Vail Collection of Aeronautical Images, Broadsides and Clippings is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives. Copyright of some items in this collection may be held by respective creators, not by the donor of the collection.
Biographical / Historical
John Hampton (b. 1799) made over a hundred flights in his balloons 'Albion' and 'Erin-go-bragh' between 1838 and 1852. On June 8,1838 he also became the first Englishman to make a successful parachute jump. In 1837 Hampton founded the 'Albion Aeronautic Association' to promote scientific study through ballooning. "The Aerial Messenger" periodical was printed by this organization and distributed via balloon. In 1844, Hampton built the "Erin-go-bragh" balloon, which featured a new type of valve designed to release ballast evenly in order to ease balloon landings.
Language of Materials
Existence and Location of Originals
48.0 x 21.9 cm
Broadside advertising three days of aeronautic experiments, including the exhibition of John Hampton’s arctic surveying balloon and safety parachute.
Sources used for Biographical/Historical note
Hodgson, J.E., History of Aeronautics in Great Britain (Oxford University Press, London, 1924), 233-235, 335.
Wheatley, Henry Benjamin, and Peter Cunningham. London, past and present; a dictionary of its history, associations, and traditions. (Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1968) 131.
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