Julius Adams Stratton papers
Scope and Contents of the Collection
Background Material on MIT's Early Years, Series 2, is an extensive file of research materials for the book Stratton and his assistant, Loretta Mannix, were writing about MIT's philosophical origins, its founding, and its evolution in the nineteenth century. There are files on the history of technical education in Europe and America, on the Institute's early relations with Harvard, and on MIT's founder, William Barton Rogers, and his brothers and contemporaries. After Stratton's death, the book, Mind and Hand: The Birth of MIT, was completed by Philip Alexander and published by MIT Press in 2005.
- 1854 - 1994
- Majority of material found within 1907 - 1994
- Stratton, Julius Adams (Person)
Conditions Governing Use
Statton was appointed as MIT's first provost in 1949 and received a concurrent appointment of vice president from 1951 to 1956, chancellor in 1956, and acting president in 1957 before serving as the 11th president of MIT, 1959 to 1966. At his retirement in 1966, at the then mandatory retirement age of 65, he was elected a life member of the MIT Corporation.
From MIT Stratton moved to the Ford Foundation. A trustee of the Ford Foundation, 1955-1971, he served as its chair from 1966 to 1971. Returning to MIT after the Ford Foundation, Stratton explored the early history of the founding of MIT, planning and writing a history later published as Mind and Hand: the Birth of MIT.
During World War II, Stratton was a research member of the MIT-based Radiation Laboratory, where he worked on the development of LORAN (Long Range Navigation). In 1942 he was assigned to Washington as Expert Consultant to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. In this post he chaired committees to improve the effectiveness of all-weather flying systems and ground radar, fire control, and radar bombing equipment. He also helped plan the use of radar in the Normandy invasion. In 1946 he was awarded the United States Medal for Merit in recognition of his services. Later in 1967 during the administration of president Lyndon Johnson he was appointed by the president as the chair of a new Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources. The landmark report of the commission Our Nation and the Sea led to the establishment of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
78.6 Cubic Feet (73 record cartons, 15 manuscript boxes, 2 flat storage box)
Language of Materials
- Electromagnetic Theory, by Julius A. Stratton. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1941. (later published in French, Italian, and Russian).
- Science and the Educated Man: Selected Speeches of Julius A. Stratton, with a foreword by Elting E. Morison. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1966.
- Our Nation and the Sea, Report of the Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources, Julius Stratton, chair, January 9, 1969
- Mind and Hand: the Birth of MIT, by Julius A. Stratton, Loretta Mannix, and Philip Alexander. MIT Press, 2005.
Processing Information note
- College presidents -- Massachusetts -- Biography Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Presidents Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
- Stratton, Julius Adams
- Preliminary Inventory to the Papers of Julius Adams Stratton
- Ready For Review
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
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